Disorders / Medical Terminology

Hey guys, today I liked to share with you the most important session that any universal student in the medical field may need. I decided to gather the disorders with their definitions to be like a review whenever we need them. But surely, I can’t gather them all in one meeting so I will keep continuing them if God wills.

Bell’s palsy, also known as facial paralysis, is a unilateral paralysis of the muscles of facial expression.
Cramp is a painful spasmodic contraction.
Diplegia is paralysis of both upper limbs or both lower limbs.
Dysphagia is a clinical term for difficulty in swallowing.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic, painful, non-articular rheumatic disorder that affects the fibrous connective tissue components of muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
Hemiplegia is paralysis of the upper limb, trunk, and lower limb on one side of the body.
Hypertonia is an increased muscle tone and is expressed in two ways: spasticity and rigidity.
Hypotonia is a decreased or lost muscle tone.
Monoplegia is paralysis of one limb only.
Muscular atrophy is a wasting away of muscles.
Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited muscle-destroying diseases that cause progressive degeneration of skeletal muscle fibers.
Myalgia is a pain in or associated with muscles.
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic, progressive damage of the neuromuscular junction.
Myoma is a tumor consisting of muscle tissue.
Myomalacia is a pathological softening of muscle tissue.
Myositis is an inflammation of muscle fibers (cells).
Myotonia is the increased muscular excitability and contractility, with the decreased power of relaxation; tonic spasm of the muscle.
Paraplegia is paralysis of both lower limbs.
Quadriplegia is paralysis of all four limbs.
Spasm is a sudden involuntary contraction of a single muscle in a large group of muscles.
Strabismus is a condition in which the two eyeballs are not properly aligned.
Tremor is a rhythmic, involuntary, purposeless contraction that produces a quivering or shaking.

To be continued…

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